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How to reference your work correctly

Why do I need to reference?

Referencing is an important feature of academic writing. Any ideas, words or images which are not your own need to be referenced. There are a few reasons why this is so:

  • To support your arguments and give credibility to the information you present in assignments.
  • To enable your tutors to trace the sources you cite in order to check the accuracy and validity.
  • To enable your tutors and other interested readers to trace the source you cite and to use the same evidence for their own purposes.
  • To avoid the accusation of plagiarism. 

Key Terms

Citation - an indication of where material has come from.

Referencing - the act of acknowledging your sources and using evidence to support your arguments. 

Paraphrase - expressing the ideas of the original work in your own words. 

Quotation - using the exact words of the original work. 

References - the list of items you have cited in your work. 

Bibliography - The list of sources you have consulted in creating your work, including both those you have directly quoted or paraphrased and material you have used as background information. 

Cite Them Right

Cite them right online

For help with your referencing use Cite Them Right.. It offers extensive guidance on how to reference and includes a range of support materials with access 24/7. You may already be familiar with the print book, as we have multiple copies on the shelves across our three campus libraries. You can:

  • Construct a reference for anything.
  • Build your references on screen.
  • Cut and paste the prepared reference straight into your coursework. 
  • Create references in different styles including Harvard. 

Cite Them Right is accessed on and off campus via the Online databases and academic journals link in the Search the Library portlet in the My Learning/Learning Support page in the portal or via: where you will need to sign in.


iPROGRESS is a collection of learning resources aimed at helping you use information effectively and ethically in your academic work. There are a range of courses to choose from including referencing. Completion of all the courses can enhance your employability skills. If you complete all of the courses, including the quizzes, you will receive a Moodle badge.

Follow this link to iPROGRESS in Moodle.

Skills4study Campus

There is also the Palgrave Skills4Study Campus online learning resource. It's accessed via Moodle.

Referencing generative artificial intelligence (AI)

It is important to reference any AI content you use in your work in the same way you do for books, journal articles and other sources you cite in assignments. A guide to citing AI generated work is available here:

How to reference generative AI

Library Workshops

Every week the library runs workshops related to study skills. Look out for workshops on referencing and reference managers. 

Book a Library Workshop.

Follow this link to explore what library workshops we have to offer on referencing.

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